Dr. M.J. Bazos, MD Patient Handout


About Your Diagnosis
Chlamydia infection is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria that inflames the urethra, vagina, and reproductive organs. It is spread by vaginal or anal intercourse. It is detected by examining a vaginal, rectal, or urethral smear in the laboratory. Possible complications include a secondary infection or sterility in the female.

Living With Your Diagnosis
During the early stages of the disease there may be no symptoms. Later, females may have a vaginal discharge and redness of the vagina, whereas males may have a urethral discharge and redness of the top of the penis. Both males and females may have fever; abdominal pain; and pain on urination.

Antibiotics such as tetracycline must be used for 2 weeks. Sexual partners must also be treated. Tetracycline must not be taken with milk or antacids. Keep the genital area clean. Use unscented soaps and avoid tub baths. Sexual relations should be delayed until treatment is completed and all symptoms are gone. No special diet is needed except for the avoidance of milk if taking tetracycline.

The DOs
• Take antibiotics as directed and until finished.
• Notify sexual partners so they can be treated also.
• Take showers instead of tub baths, and use unscented soaps.
•Keep the genital area clean and dry. Always wipe from front to back after urinating or having a bowel movement.
• Wear cotton underpants and avoid tight-fitting clothes.
• Keep follow-up appointments with your doctor to make sure the infection is cleared and no other treatment is needed.
• Be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.

The DON’Ts
• Don’t skip or stop taking your antibiotics before finished.
• Don’t take tetracycline with milk or antacids.
• Don’t take tub baths.
• Don’t wear underwear that is nonventilating (e.g., nylon underwear).
• Don’t have sexual relations until your treatment is completed and there are no symptoms.

When to Call Your Doctor
• If you have any unusual bleeding or swelling during your treatment.
• If your symptoms worsen after starting treatment or your symptoms last longer than 1 week.

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