Dr. MJ Bazos MD, Patient Handout
Urinary Incontinence: Kegel Exercises for Your Pelvic Muscles

How do pelvic muscles get weak?

Pelvic muscles help stop the flow of urine. Pregnancy, childbirth and being overweight can weaken the pelvic muscles. Fortunately, pelvic muscles are just like other muscles--exercises can make them stronger. Women who leak urine may have better control of these muscles by doing pelvic muscle exercises called Kegel exercises.

Which muscles control my bladder?

At the bottom of the pelvis, several layers of muscle stretch between your legs. The muscles attach to the front, back and sides of the pelvic bones. Two pelvic muscles do most of the work. The biggest one stretches like a hammock. The other is shaped like a triangle.

These are the same muscles that you would use to try to stop the flow of urine. They are the muscles you will exercise and strengthen.

How do I exercise pelvic muscles?

You can exercise almost anywhere and any time--while driving in a car, at your desk or watching TV. To exercise these muscles, just pull in or "squeeze" your pelvic muscles (as if you are trying to stop urine flow). Hold this squeeze for about 10 seconds, then rest for 10 seconds. Do 3 to 4 sets of 10 contractions per day.

Be patient and continue to exercise. It takes time to strengthen the pelvic muscles, just like it takes time to improve the muscles in your arms, legs or abdomen. You may not notice any change in bladder control until after 6 to 12 weeks of daily exercises. Still, most women notice an improvement after just a few weeks.

A few points to remember:

Daily pelvic muscle exercise log:

I exercised my pelvic muscles ______ times daily.

I spent _____ minutes exercising.

At each exercise session, I contracted my pelvic muscles _____ times.