Dr. M.J. Bazos, MD,
1 Month Old
• Use an infant car seat that is properly
secured at all times.
• Ensure that
the baby's crib is safe. The slats should be no more than 5.8 cm apart, and the
mattress should be firm and fit snugly into the crib. Keep the sides of the crib
raised. Do not put the baby to sleep on a soft surface such as a waterbed,
couch, or pillow.
• Put the baby to
sleep on his back or side to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This
is a relatively new recommendation based on large population studies in Europe
and Australia where the incidence of SIDS was reduced by approximately 50% just
by changing the baby's sleeping
• Set the hot water
thermostat at 49 degrees Celsius or less to decrease the potential for serious
burn injuries to the baby.
• Test the
water temperature with your wrist to make sure it is not too hot before bathing
• Never leave the baby
alone or with a young sibling or
• Do not leave him alone in a
tub of water or on high places such as changing tables, beds, sofas, or chairs.
Always keep one hand on the baby.
Continue to keep the baby's environment free of smoke. Keep the home and car
nonsmoking zones. Passive smoking has been shown to be a causative factor in
upper respiratory infections such as ear infections as well as being detrimental
to the lungs of the child of any
• Do not drink hot liquids or
smoke while holding the baby. Babies can easily cause spillage of the hot liquid
resulting in severe burn injuries to themselves and/or you. Likewise, they can
easily get burned by a lighted cigarette or cigar by accidentally touching the
• Install smoke
detectors if not already in place and make sure they work properly. Test the
detector regularly and change batteries
• Avoid overexposure to the
sun. Babies are very susceptible to heat exhaustion and to severe sunburn
injuries. When outdoors, babies should be dressed in white or light-colored
clothing, a hat, and some type of eye protection. Sunscreens are not recommended
for children less than 6 months of age. Extra fluids should be given if the baby
will need to be outdoors for any length of time.