Dr. M.J. Bazos, MD,
2 Year Old
• Use an age-appropriate car seat that is
properly secured at all times.
Ensure that the child wears a life vest if boating. Inflatable flotation devices
or "knowing how to swim" do not make a child safe in the water. Ensure that
swimming pools in the child's community, in his apartment complex, or at his
home have a four-sided fence with a self-closing, self-latching gate. Children
should be supervised by an adult whenever they are in or near
• Continue to put sunscreen on
the child before he goes outside to play or swim. Sunscreens should be
SPF-15(Sun Protection Factor-15) or higher and should be reapplied every hour
the child is outside in the sun.
Continue to keep the child's environment free of smoke. Keep the home and car
• Test smoke
detectors to ensure they work properly. Change batteries
• Keep cooking utensils, hot
liquids, knives, and hot pots on the stove out of reach. Ensure that electric
wires, outlets, and appliances are inaccessible or protected. Keep cigarettes,
lighters, matches, alcohol, and electrical tools locked up and/or out of the
child's sight and reach. Exclude poisons, medications, and toxic household
products from the home or keep them in locked cabinets. Have safety caps on all
medications. Keep Syrup of Ipecac in the home to be used as directed by the
poison control center or the health professional. Keep the number of the poison
control center near the telephone. Always call the poison control center prior
to giving Ipecac.
• Guard against
falls. Use locked doors or gates at the top and bottom of stairs and safety
devices on windows. Supervise the child when he is on
• Ensure that guns, if in the
home, are locked up and that ammunition is stored separately. A trigger lock is
an additional important precaution.
Teach the child to use caution when approaching dogs, especially if the dogs are
unknown or eating.
• Never leave the
child alone in the car, in the house or while taking a
• Do not expect young children
to supervise the two year old. Supervise all play near streets or driveways.
Ensure that a child riding in a seat on a parent's bicycle is wearing a
• Ensure that playgrounds are
safe. Check for impact- or energy-absorbing surfaces under playground equipment.
Make sure that playground equipment is not over 90 cm tall and not made of
caregivers carefully. Discuss with them their attitudes about and behavior in
relation to discipline. Prohibit corporal punishment.