Dr. M.J. Bazos,
Pharyngitis is an
inflammation of the throat that is most commonly caused by viral infections, but
can also be caused by bacterial infections. The tonsils can also be involved.
Diagnosis is usually done by obtaining a throat
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Signs and symptoms of the
disease include fever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and general
may be prescribed. Nonaspirin medications can be taken for the fever and pain.
Gargle with a warm salt water solution to relieve the sore throat. A cool-mist
vaporizer may help relieve the dry, tight feeling in the
• Take antibiotics, if
prescribed, until finished.
Tylenol or Advil for pain and
• Gargle with a warm salt
water solution to relieve sore throat (use 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of warm
• Use a vaporizer to relieve
the dry, tight feeling in the throat. Clean the vaporizer and change the water
• Replace your toothbrush
after treatment is started to prevent
• Limit your activities
until symptoms subside.
your fluid intake.
• Follow a liquid
diet if swallowing is difficult (soups, jello, ice cream, and
• Don’t skip
doses or stop antibiotics until
• Don’t give aspirin
to a child younger than 16 years with a viral illness because of the risk of
share food or drinking glasses.
When to Call Your
• If fever continues after
treatment is started.
• If there is
increased difficulty in breathing or
• If a severe headache
• If a rash
• If a cough develops that
produces thick, yellowgreen or bloody sputum.