D. MJ Bazos MD, Patient Handout
Testicular Cancer
What is cancer?
Cancer cells are cells that have mutated (changed) and grow out of control. They keep on growing and dividing so that too many cells are produced. These cells clump together to form tumors. If these tumors are malignant, they can invade and kill your body's healthy tissues. From these tumors, cancer cells can metastasize (spread) and form new tumors in other parts of the body. (Tumors that are not cancerous and don't spread are called "benign tumors.")
Male reproductive system
Who gets testicular cancer?
Cancer of the testicles is the most common cancer in young men (15 to 34 years old). Men who are more likely to get testicular cancer:
What are some signs of testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer has a very good cure rate if it's found early and treated. Your doctor can check your testicles during an exam. A self-exam is another good way to find testicular cancer (see below for self-exam directions). If you find anything unusual during a self-exam (like a lump or swelling), see your doctor right away.
How do I do a testicular self-exam?
The best time to do the exam is during or right after a shower or a bath. The warm water relaxes the skin on your scrotum and makes the exam easier.
It's normal for one testicle to be a little bit bigger than the other. The testicles should be smooth and firm. If you feel any bumps or lumps, visit your doctor right away.